Analysis on the construction type of the hottest l

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Analysis on the construction types of logistics infrastructure projects

due to the serious "vacancy" phenomenon of logistics parks in previous years, the speed of logistics infrastructure projects once slowed down. With the recent logistics real estate boom, its temperature has risen sharply, leaving little time to sum up lessons, think calmly, and digest. By 2019, the global biodegradable plastic packaging market value will exceed US $8.415 billion. Facing the various logistics projects in front of us, people are dazzled and at a loss. Many articles have studied the types of logistics parks, and different scholars have classified them from different angles. The research group of Tongchuang logistics consulting Co., Ltd. has also specially compiled books on the development of logistics parks, and summarized the relevant classifications of logistics parks in detail

the logistics infrastructure project I want to talk about is to hold the sample. In addition to the logistics park, there are logistics centers, distribution centers, transit transportation centers, etc. The article does not talk about the classification of logistics projects, but summarizes some common patterns in the process of logistics infrastructure from the infrastructure projects that have been completed or are under planning, analyzes the characteristics of various types of logistics infrastructure projects, and provides references for investors, builders, planners, operators, and government departments to make relevant decisions

by summarizing the existing and proposed projects, the article divides the existing logistics infrastructure projects into six categories: business circulation logistics projects, Industrial Park logistics projects, warehousing logistics projects, distribution center logistics projects, large logistics parks or logistics centralized areas, bonded logistics projects

trade circulation logistics projects

trade circulation logistics projects refer to modern logistics service facilities built in or around the trade circulation market to provide logistics operations such as distribution, transit, warehousing, circulation processing, trunk transportation, etc. for the needs of market trade circulation activities. Its emergence is based on the following background, that is, with the development of social and economic activities and the gradual formation of the market economic system, the commercial circulation industry has developed rapidly, and a number of influential commercial markets have emerged all over the country. These markets account for a large part of the market share of the circulation transactions of a local industry, involving industries such as hardware and electrical machinery, clothing, automobiles and their parts, steel, small commodities, etc, It has played an important role in the centralization and scale of business activities. Some of these markets are formed spontaneously, and some are formed after simple planning. Most of the initial market construction did not take into account the needs of logistics operations, and they are rarely equipped with corresponding operation sites. Due to the increasing requirements of customer service and people's high requirements for market related supporting facilities, the competitiveness and attractiveness of the commercial circulation market, which lacks the support of the modern logistics system, are gradually weakening, Many smart businesses meet the needs of modern business circulation integration, and have built logistics projects for services and business activities around the market. Commercial circulation logistics projects have clear service objects and service scope, and the investment and construction scale are medium to small. Generally, it is easy to recover the investment and create new profit growth points, which has been favored by many market management and investors. Government departments also need to establish logistics service facilities with a detailed division of labor and oriented to specific industries, which will generally actively support this type of logistics projects. It should be noted that the land use nature of this type of logistics projects will not change and can be used for logistics business. Yichang modern business logistics center and Wuhan Wanshang Yunji business park are all such projects

Industrial Park logistics projects

Industrial Park logistics projects are generally built in industrial technology development zones or high-tech zones to provide logistics services for various types of enterprises in the development zones. Some of these logistics projects are proliferation services provided by the management of the development zone to attract enterprises to settle in, some are follow-up services provided by logistics enterprises serving large manufacturing enterprises, and some are investment and construction by large manufacturing enterprises in the development zone to meet their own business needs. As an enterprise concentration area, the industrial park has a larger logistics demand than the commercial circulation industry, and it is also urgent for the park to provide corresponding logistics services. In recent years, in order to increase the attractiveness of their industrial development zones, some government departments have expressed that they will build supporting logistics facilities in the park or introduce large logistics enterprises to settle in the park to provide logistics services. Like commercial circulation logistics projects, Industrial Park logistics projects also have relatively clear service objects. The logistics demand is relatively stable, and the risk of investment and construction is small. The scale of the project depends on the logistics demand of enterprises in the industrial park. It is generally larger than commercial circulation logistics projects, but smaller than large logistics park projects. The main logistics businesses are warehousing, transportation, and container operations, Some coastal industrial parks may also have relevant functions of bonded areas. The logistics center of Suzhou Industrial Park belongs to the logistics project of industrial park

warehousing logistics projects

warehousing logistics projects, generally speaking, are warehouses. Although there are a large number of warehouses in China at present, they are highly standardized and automated, and warehouses with constant temperature, cold storage, fresh preservation and other functions are still insufficient. In order to meet the needs of standardized and high-level storage, some are built by manufacturing enterprises to meet the needs of their own products (because they can't find storage facilities that meet the requirements, many tobacco enterprises, automobile manufacturing enterprises and large chain circulation enterprises in China have built many automated three-dimensional warehouses, as well as heat preservation and fresh-keeping warehouses), Some are established by logistics enterprises to meet the needs of the market (in recent years, such as China storage group and Baogong group have built a number of highly standardized warehousing projects nationwide), and some are established by industrial real estate developers and real estate developers to invest in logistics business. The leading function of warehousing logistics projects is warehousing, which generally also has a certain function of circulation, processing and distribution services. Because she said that it has a high degree of specialization and a clear concept, it is generally not easy to build trestles and go through old warehouses in secret. Chengdu Logistics Center and Haier International Logistics Center belong to such projects

distribution center logistics projects

for distribution centers, China's national terminology standards have a relatively clear definition, that is, places or organizations engaged in distribution business with perfect information networks should basically meet the following requirements: (1) mainly serve specific users; (2) Perfect distribution function; (3) Small radiation range; (4) Multi variety, small batch, multi batch, short cycle; (5) It mainly provides distribution services for end customers. From the definition of distribution center, it can be seen that the scale of distribution center is generally smaller than logistics center and Industrial Park logistics projects, and the main service object is the end consumers in the city. Compared with warehousing logistics projects, its circulation is fast and its radiation range is small, with distribution function as the main function and warehousing as the auxiliary function. At present, the construction of distribution centers is generally carried out by chain circulation enterprises, third-party logistics enterprises and large manufacturing enterprises. For some enterprises with sound marketing network, they will generally establish a perfect distribution system to meet the nationwide sales needs. Distribution centers can be divided into central distribution center (CDC) and regional distribution center (RDC) according to the size and location of distribution channels. The construction of distribution center also has relatively clear logistics needs. Compared with other large logistics projects, the investment payback period is small and the operation risk is small. Various distribution centers of Lenovo Group, Lianhua fresh food processing and distribution center, and Wal Mart Shenzhen distribution center belong to such projects

large logistics parks or logistics concentration areas

mainly include logistics centers and logistics parks. China's logistics terminology standard also defines its concept. Logistics center is a place or organization with perfect information network engaged in logistics activities. It should basically meet the following requirements: (1) mainly provide public logistics services to the society; (2) Sound logistics function; (3) Large radiation range; (4) It has strong storage and handling capacity, and can provide logistics support for transshipment and multimodal transport; (5) Provide logistics services to downstream distribution centers. Logistics Park, also known as logistics base, is a place where a variety of logistics facilities and different types of logistics enterprises are centrally arranged in space. It is a specific area with a certain scale and comprehensive service functions. The construction scale of these two types of logistics projects is large, the investment required is large, and the supporting facilities are high (mainly because they are generally located at the junction of urban and rural areas or next to transportation hubs, are far away from the urban area, roads and other ancillary facilities such as water, electricity, communication networks are poor, and require large initial investment from government departments.), Most are dominated by the government, and a few are dominated by enterprises. In recent years, many local governments have proposed to establish logistics parks or logistics centers in their logistics planning in order to improve the local logistics service level, improve the investment environment, adjust the functional layout of urban land, develop the local economy and increase employment. Due to the limited government funds and management capacity, after the planning and site selection of large logistics parks or logistics concentration areas, investment attraction is generally carried out to attract large logistics enterprises or logistics real estate developers. When building these two kinds of logistics projects in some places, the demand analysis link is relatively weak, with the composition of political achievement projects, too many preferential policies in the process of attracting investment, and poor supervision and management in the later stage, resulting in some enclosure or park vacancy, which deviates from the original intention of the construction of logistics parks and logistics centers, and also disrupts the order of logistics project construction. Because the early demand analysis and scientific planning required by these two types of logistics projects are very important, and the investment required is large, the government departments need to think carefully. The enterprise investors should also consider their own capital, operation and management strength, and should not have speculation. Nanjing Longtan logistics base, Shanghai Northwest Logistics Park, Shenzhen Pinghu logistics center and Zhejiang ChuanHua logistics base all belong to such projects

Bonded logistics projects

bonded logistics parks have become the focus of attention from all walks of life. Because of their unique policy advantages, they are more competitive than other logistics projects. They generally enjoy the dual advantages of export processing zones and bonded zones, and are an intermediate product in the transition to free trade zones. At present, many local governments take the establishment of bonded logistics parks as the focus of their public relations, so as to attract external investment, Major port cities have also established bonded parks to enhance their competitiveness. For Shanghai port, through the establishment of Waigaoqiao Bonded Park, it uses its policies of import tax rebate, relaxation of foreign exchange management, relaxation of industrial and commercial administration, tax incentives, customs supervision, convenient customs clearance, function improvement and so on to attract enterprises to settle in. At present, Shanghai Waigaoqiao Park and Waigaoqiao port are still carrying out district port linkage policies, so as to give full play to the national preferential policies of the bonded Park and promote regional economic development. At present, the construction of bonded parks has been carried out in Tianjin, Shanghai, Suzhou, Qingdao, Zhangjiagang, Shenzhen and other places in China, and has achieved remarkable results, and is being rolled out to other cities in the country. Shanghai Waigaoqiao Bonded Logistics Park, Xiamen Xiangyu Bonded Goods

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