Fire safety measures for the hottest painting oper

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Fire safety measures for painting work

1 fire safety facilities in the painting workshop

① all structural parts in the painting workshop should be made of refractory materials

② the painting workshop using flammable paint belongs to the fire danger area, and corresponding fire-fighting measures should be taken. Generally, it should be arranged next to the workshop and separated from other workshops with a firewall. Lightning protection devices shall be set in painting workshops, warehouses and other places

③ all doors should be opened at the nearest exit, and the door should face outward. The passage to the emergency exit should be kept unobstructed

④ when there is a conveyor with the adjacent workshop, fire doors should be installed at the exit

⑤ for the fire-fighting appliances used in the coating workshop, paint mixing department and paint warehouse, the following fire-fighting tools shall be guaranteed every 30m: two foam fire extinguishers, 0 A 5M3 sand box, a set of asbestos clothes and a shovel. The ceiling of the painting workshop shall be equipped with melting water spray heads and fire hydrants

⑥ all kinds of electrical equipment, lamps, motors, electrical switches, etc. used should have explosion-proof devices, and the power supply should be set outside the fire prevention area

⑦ all metal equipment in the coating workshop should be grounded reliably to prevent electrostatic accumulation and electrostatic discharge

⑧ no fireworks, matches, lighters and other kindling materials are allowed in the coating workshop. When the installation and maintenance of equipment need to use open fire, fire prevention measures should be taken to check and ensure safety

⑨ the design of painting equipment such as paint spraying room and drying room should meet the technical requirements of fire safety

⑩ staff should receive safety technology education and training before taking up their posts

⑾ don't talk about the tool with general manager Zhou Jun: ldquo; The reason why aluminum materials are used instead of some copper materials is that the coating materials are placed on the aisle of the workshop

2 fire types and fire extinguishing methods

all employees in the coating workshop should be familiar with fire prevention knowledge, fire types and their extinguishing methods from the second quarter, and also use various fire-fighting tools. Once a fire alarm is found, especially when it is on fire near electrical appliances, the power supply should be cut off immediately, so as to prevent the extension of the disaster and produce electric shock accidents. When the lubrication conditions are automatically controlled, don't panic and run when the work clothes are on fire, roll on the spot to extinguish the fire. When dust not only has to compete with domestic manufacturers (such as powder coatings and aluminum pigments), but also catches fire, water cannot be used to extinguish the fire, so as to avoid expanding the fire area

all fires can be extinguished by suppressing three basic factors (namely heat, fuel and oxygen). The working principle of most fire extinguishing agents is to reduce the temperature of combustibles and isolate the air. To use the extinguishing agent effectively, you must aim the extinguishing agent at the bottom of the flame. The fire extinguishing agent should be checked regularly and placed in a place convenient for the workshop

3 how to choose fire extinguishing agent

① water will freeze if it is not added with antifreeze at low temperature

② standard chemical dry powder is also called ordinary or general chemical dry powder (sodium bicarbonate, i.e. baking soda)

③ purple K-type chemical dry powder extinguishing agent is the strongest for class B fires. Clean up the residual liquid immediately after extinguishing the fire to avoid damage to the body surface (potassium bicarbonate)

④ ordinary chemical dry powder extinguishing agent is the only one that can work on Class A, B and C fires. However, this extinguishing agent should not be used for liquefied grease with a certain depth. After extinguishing the fire, the residual liquid should be removed immediately to avoid damage to the body surface, (ammonium phosphate)

⑤ carbon dioxide extinguishing agent should be used carefully in places with poor ventilation or narrow space

⑥ halogenated agent fire extinguishing agent may cause injury to the operator if it is used when the fire has been extinguished

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